Otzi the iceman radiocarbon dating
The small rocky hollow in which he lay down to die was soon covered (and protected) by glacial ice that happened to be melting 5,300 years later when his body was discovered by modern humans.
His nickname, Ötzi, stems from the Ötztal Alps, where he was found.
This climatic change is supported also by some soil-evidence found in depression at an altitude of 9,850-10,500ft and dating to the same time the iceman died.
Similar recent soils need at least 500 to 1,200 years to develop, suggesting that the climatic conditions on the site were for a long time relative favorable for biological and chemical activity until a relatively quick drop of temperatures.
For archaeologists and for glaciologists, this was a unique discovery.
Wounded by an arrow in the back the 45-year-old man had bled to death within minutes.
, the body is that of a man aged 25 to 35 who had been about 1.6 metres (5 feet 2 inches) tall and had weighed about 50 kg (110 pounds).
Join Britannica's Publishing Partner Program and our community of experts to gain a global audience for your work!Between 5.300 to 5.050 years ago a rapid climatic cooling took place, producing a persistent snow cover and followed by the rapid expansion of the glaciers. Large scavengers didn’t venture in this desolate region, and only a few flies were able to deposits their eggs on the body -- but they weren’t able to destroy it.